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Zn
Skupina
12
Perioda
4
Blok
d
Protons
Electrons
Neutrons
30
30
35
General Properties
Vrstno število
30
Atomska teža
65,38
Mass Number
65
Kategorija
Prehodne kovine
Barva
Slate Gray
Radioactive
Ne
From the German word Zink, of obscure origin
Kristalna struktura
Heksagonalna
Zgodovina
Metallic zinc was produced in the 13th century A.D. India by reducing calamine with organic substances such as wool.

The metal was rediscovered in Europe by Andreas Sigismund Marggraf in 1746.

He heated a mixture of calamine ore and carbon in a closed vessel without copper to produce the metal.
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 18, 2
Razporeditev elektronov
[Ar] 3d10 4s2
Zn
Zinc is referred to in nonscientific contexts as spelter
Physical Properties
Faza snovi
Trdnina
Gostota
7,134 g/cm3
Tališče
692,68 K | 419,53 °C | 787,15 °F
Vrelišče
1180,15 K | 907 °C | 1664,6 °F
Talilna toplota
7,35 kJ/mol
Izparilna toplota
119 kJ/mol
Toplotna kapaciteta
0,388 J/g·K
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,0078%
Abundance in Universe
0,00003%
A
Zasluge za slike: Images-of-elements
A sheet of zinc
CAS Number
7440-66-6
PubChem CID Number
23994
Atomic Properties
Atomski polmer
134 pm
Kovalentni polmer
122 pm
Elektronegativnost
1,65 (Paulingova lestvica)
Ionization Potential
9,3942 eV
Atomic Volume
9,2 cm3/mol
Toplotna prevodnost
1,16 W/cm·K
Oksidacijska stanja
1, 2
Applications
Because of its corrosion resistance, zinc is often plated to other metals in a process called galvanization.

Zinc is an essential trace element for animals and plants.

Large quantities of zinc are used to produce die castings, which are used extensively by the automotive, electrical, and hardware industries.
Zinc is not considered to be particularly toxic
Isotopes
Stable Isotopes
64Zn, 66Zn, 67Zn, 68Zn, 70Zn
Unstable Isotopes
54Zn, 55Zn, 56Zn, 57Zn, 58Zn, 59Zn, 60Zn, 61Zn, 62Zn, 63Zn, 65Zn, 69Zn, 71Zn, 72Zn, 73Zn, 74Zn, 75Zn, 76Zn, 77Zn, 78Zn, 79Zn, 80Zn, 81Zn, 82Zn, 83Zn