Bizmut

83
Bi
Skupina
15
Perioda
6
Blok
p
Protons
Electrons
Neutrons
83
83
126
General Properties
Vrstno število
83
Atomska teža
208,9804
Mass Number
209
Kategorija
Šibke kovine
Barva
Gray
Radioactive
Ne
From the German Weisse Masse, meaning white mass
Kristalna struktura
Centrirana monoklinska
Zgodovina
Bismuth has been known since ancient times, so no one person is credited with its discovery.

The element was confused in early times with tin and lead because of its resemblance to those elements.

In 1753, French chemist Claude François Geoffroy demonstrated that this metal is distinct from lead and tin.
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 5
Razporeditev elektronov
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
Bi
Bismuth has unusually high electrical resistance for a metal
Physical Properties
Faza snovi
Trdnina
Gostota
9,78 g/cm3
Tališče
544,65 K | 271,5 °C | 520,7 °F
Vrelišče
1837,15 K | 1564 °C | 2847,2 °F
Talilna toplota
10,9 kJ/mol
Izparilna toplota
160 kJ/mol
Toplotna kapaciteta
0,122 J/g·K
Abundance in Earth's crust
2,5×10-6%
Abundance in Universe
7×10-8%
Bismuth
Zasluge za slike: Images-of-elements
Bismuth crystal with fancy oxide film
CAS Number
7440-69-9
PubChem CID Number
5359367
Atomic Properties
Atomski polmer
156 pm
Kovalentni polmer
148 pm
Elektronegativnost
2,02 (Paulingova lestvica)
Ionization Potential
7,2856 eV
Atomic Volume
21,3 cm3/mol
Toplotna prevodnost
0,0797 W/cm·K
Oksidacijska stanja
-3, 3, 5
Applications
Bismuth is used in producing malleable irons and is used as a catalyst for making acrylic fibers.

Bismuth oxychloride is used in cosmetics, as a pigment in paint for eye shadows, hair sprays and nail polishes.

It has also been used as a replacement for lead in shot, bullets and less-lethal riot gun ammunition.
Bismuth is considered to be non-toxic
Isotopes
Stable Isotopes
-
Unstable Isotopes
184Bi, 185Bi, 186Bi, 187Bi, 188Bi, 189Bi, 190Bi, 191Bi, 192Bi, 193Bi, 194Bi, 195Bi, 196Bi, 197Bi, 198Bi, 199Bi, 200Bi, 201Bi, 202Bi, 203Bi, 204Bi, 205Bi, 206Bi, 207Bi, 208Bi, 209Bi, 210Bi, 211Bi, 212Bi, 213Bi, 214Bi, 215Bi, 216Bi, 217Bi, 218Bi